Mariano: Variations on a Theme at PAMM

Aug. 5, 2022 – Jan. 22, 2023

Mariano Rodríguez. Mujer con gallo (Mujer y gallo) (Woman with Rooster (Woman and Rooster)), 1941. Collection Nercys & Ramón Cernuda. © Fundación Mariano Rodríguez Mariano Rodríguez Enlarge Mariano Rodríguez. Educando (Educating), 1938. Private collection. Courtesy of Cernuda Arte. © Fundación Mariano Rodríguez Mariano Rodríguez Enlarge Mariano Rodríguez. Mujer con flores (Woman with Flowers), 1967. Latin Art Core Gallery. © Fundación Mariano Rodríguez Mariano Rodríguez Enlarge Mariano Rodríguez. Mujer con gallo (Woman with Rooster), 1941. Collection Silvia & Emilio M. Ortiz. © Fundación Mariano Rodríguez Mariano Rodríguez Enlarge Mariano Rodríguez. Pescador (Fisherman), 1955. Collection Fundación Mariano Rodríguez. © Fundación Mariano Rodríguez Mariano Rodríguez Enlarge Mariano Rodríguez. Mujer con gallo (Mujer y gallo) (Woman with Rooster (Woman and Rooster)), 1941. Collection Nercys & Ramón Cernuda. © Fundación Mariano Rodríguez Mariano Rodríguez Enlarge Mariano Rodríguez. Educando (Educating), 1938. Private collection. Courtesy of Cernuda Arte. © Fundación Mariano Rodríguez

Mariano: Variations on a Theme is the first major retrospective exhibition of the work of Cuban artist Mariano Rodríguez (b. 1912, Havana; d. 1990, Havana) in the United States. Spanning almost six decades of artistic production, this retrospective features paintings, watercolors, and drawings on loan from leading private and institutional collections, including the artist’s estate, which has provided unprecedented access to rarely seen works and archival material.

Widely known simply as “Mariano,” the artist is regarded as one of the most important painters of the Segunda Vanguardia – the second generation of Cuban modernists who, in the 1940s and 1950s, used their work to construct and express their vision of the essence of Cuban national identity. Though best known for his variations on the theme of el Gallo (the rooster), Mariano also embraced motifs such as peasants, fruit, vegetation, and marine subjects.

In elaborating these subjects, Mariano adopted a variety of stylistic approaches, from figuration to geometric abstraction, abstract expressionism, and grotesque imagery. Through the grotesque, he demonstrated a rich hybridization of form and styles, which signaled a new postmodern orientation in his work.

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